Organic gardening goes hand in hand with the growth of relics, as many were introduced before synthetic fertilizers and pesticides became available. But the heirloom doesn't guarantee that the products were bred without chemicals, making organic a better choice when you're worried about toxins. Some heirloom seeds or plants are organic, but not all heirloom seeds or plants are organic. Whether a plant is organic or not depends on its growing conditions, whereas heirloom seeds will remain traditional varieties regardless of whether they are grown under organic or inorganic conditions.
How a heirloom seed is grown as it becomes a plant and produces its harvest determines whether or not the resulting plant and its fruits or vegetables qualify as organic. An important thing to consider for heirloom plants is whether they are organic or non-organic. In most cases, heirloom plants are organic because they are usually only used by small-scale gardeners who don't use pesticides or other harmful chemicals. However, there may be minor cases where chemicals are involved, since traditional plants do not always have an innate level of protection similar to that provided by hybrid plants and transgenic plants against diseases and pests.
Remember, heirloom refers to the inheritance of a plant, while organic refers to a cultivation practice. While the family heirloom sounds very pastoral, it only describes the genetic makeup, and it's quite possible that the seeds in your heirloom were raised with synthetic fertilizers or pesticides, so if the heirloom and the organic are important to you, you'll need to make sure it has both designations. In short, you can buy conventional seeds and grow them organically (or it's not up to you). Your homegrown produce will probably still be better than anything you can buy at the grocery store.
However, one drawback to conventional seeds is that you can't store the seeds of your plants. Because plants are the result of hybridization, the seeds will be sterile or produce a totally different plant than the plant from which you took the seed. To ensure the highest quality nutrition and flavor and to create a seed bank, you'll need to look for heirloom seeds that are a little more expensive. Relic breeders select the varieties that grow best in their environment.
Over the years, the strongest and healthiest plants are selected to produce seeds. This selection process causes the cultivar to change over time to better adapt to the local environment. Traditional varieties taste better, are more resistant and have more flexibility than hybrid varieties. Breeders cannot manipulate complex characteristics, such as taste, as easily as size and shape.
Some people claim that heirloom plants are those that were introduced before 1951, while others claim that heirloom varieties are those that were introduced before the 1920s. Sweet potato is a natural GMO and you can get seeds for it, which means you can have a GMO relic. As for relics, a few years ago, when the entire East Coast %26 Midwest had late blight from Bonny Plants, my Matt's Wild Cherry relic kept running until October, the same for a few other relics. Creating a heirloom that fits your particular garden perfectly can take years of saving seeds and planting them.
Traditional fruits and vegetables are known to taste better than non-heirloom varieties. With the increasing demand for heirloom seeds, you'll find that it's not as difficult as before to obtain them. There is no difference between inherited and inherited seeds or plants, the terms are used interchangeably. In general, you should consider that relics are seeds that can grow back and pass from one generation to the next.
Heirloom seeds come from open-pollinated plants that transmit similar characteristics and traits from the parent plant to the daughter plant. In general terms, relics have superior taste, quality and strength compared to all other types of seeds. Not to say that organic seeds are no longer popular, but heirloom varieties are highly sought after by experienced gardeners. Unlike hybrid or transgenic seeds, heirloom seeds produce plants that are true to type, meaning that the plants are very similar to the parent plant, making it easy for gardeners to predict what the next generation of plants will look like.
Heirloom seeds also tend to cost less than other options on the market, making them a more economical option for budget-conscious gardeners. Hybrid seeds are created by crossing two selected varieties, which sometimes results in vigorous plants that outperform relics. When looking at seed catalogs, take the time to read descriptions or look up words like heirloom and open pollination. When you select and store seeds from the most successful traditional vegetables in your garden, the more reliable those vegetables will be year after year.